stand by

stand by
1. not act or do anything (Freq. 4)

He just stood by when the police beat up the demonstrators

Hypernyms: ↑refrain, ↑forbear
Verb Frames:

Something ——s


Somebody ——s

2. be available or ready for a certain function or service (Freq. 2)
Syn: ↑stick around, ↑stick about
Derivationally related forms: ↑standby
Hypernyms: ↑wait
Verb Frames:

Somebody ——s


They stand by a long time

3. be loyal to

She stood by her husband in times of trouble


The friends stuck together through the war

Syn: ↑stick by, ↑stick, ↑adhere
Hypernyms: ↑be
Verb Frames:

Somebody ——s something


Somebody ——s somebody


Somebody ——s something PP

(for: ↑stick)

* * *

1) be present while something bad is happening but fail to take any action to stop it

he was beaten to the ground as onlookers stood by

2) support or remain loyal to (someone), typically in a time of need

she had stood by him during his years in prison

adhere to or abide by (something promised, stated, or decided)

the government must stand by its pledges

3) be ready to deal or assist with something

two battalions were on their way, and a third was standing by

* * *

stand by [phrasal verb]
1 : to stand or be present without taking any action while something is happening

A group of students stood by and watched the boys fight.

How can you stand by and do nothing?

2 : to be ready or available for use

An ambulance was standing by in case anyone got seriously injured.

Operators are standing by (to take your calls).

— see also standby
3 stand by (something)
3 a : to support or defend (something)

He said that he was standing by what he said earlier.

I stand by my actions and have no regrets.

3 b : to act in the way that is required by (something, such as belief or promise)

She stood by her promise.

4 stand by (someone) : to remain loyal to (someone) : to continue to support (someone)

They promised to stand by each other until the end.

She stood by her husband throughout the trial.

• • •
Main Entry:stand

* * *

ˌstand ˈby derived
1. to be present while sth bad is happening but not do anything to stop it

How can you stand by and see him accused of something he didn't do?

related noun bystander
2. to be ready for action

The troops are standing by.

related noun standby
Main entry:standderived

Useful english dictionary. 2012.

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